If you are constantly feeling tired and have noticed a difficult and uncomfortable breathing sensation or shortness of breath, these symptoms may be signs of a heart attack. Being informed of the signs and risk factors can help you to properly assess your health and increase your chances of survival. Here is a list of warning signs of a heart attack.
According to a study published in the European Heart Journal, cardiovascular diseases kill about 4 million people a year in Europe, which represents more than half of the observed deaths. In the United States, heart attacks are the leading cause of death, killing more than 375,000 Americans each year.
What is a heart attack?
A heart attack or heart attack, in medical terms, is a health accident due to a stop in the circulation of blood in the arteries of the heart. Because of the blockage of the coronary arteries, the heart muscle no longer receives enough blood, and part of the cells are deprived of oxygen and die.
To function, the heart must be provided with oxygen that arrives through these coronary arteries. But when clogged, such as a blood clot or an accumulation of fat in the walls, arteries harden and prevent the supply of oxygen to the heart and subsequently lead to the death of the heart’s muscle cells.
What are the five warning signs of a heart attack?
1 – A physical weakness:
A feeling of physical weakness can also be a warning sign of a heart attack. This sensation indicates that the arteries contract and narrow, resulting in slower blood flow and weakened muscles.
2 – Dizziness and cold sweats:
When we feel dizzy, we usually associate it with fatigue. But when it is accompanied by nausea, migraines or cold sweats it can be a sign of serious illness. Due to poor blood circulation, the brain does not receive the amount of oxygen necessary to function properly. You should therefore consult a doctor as soon as possible.
3 – Pressure at chest level:
Pain or pressure in the chest or in the middle of the chest are signs of a heart attack. These pains can increase sharply and spread to the throat, jaws, shoulder and left arm. These pains are associated with insufficient or stopped blood flow to an organ.
4 – Flu and cold symptoms:
It is one of the most complex but difficult to detect signs. Influenza or colds can be the result of a weak immune system. This sign is to be taken into consideration especially if it is associated with one or more of the above symptoms and if it does not disappear very quickly.
5 – Fatigue:
After physical exertion or lack of sleep, fatigue may seem normal. But when it occurs without reason, it can be the result of a decrease in blood flow to the heart. If this fatigue is accompanied by unexplainable insomnia, it is important to consult a doctor.
6 – Shortness of breath:
If after the slightest effort, you feel a worsening shortness of breath, this may be a sign of a heart problem. Poor blood circulation can also lead to changes in lung function. When they do not receive enough oxygen, they cannot inhale the necessary amount of air. If this sign is accompanied by other symptoms, such as chest pain or leg swelling, you should seek medical attention immediately.
What factors increase the risk of a heart attack?
Some factors are related to a pathological, psychological or lifestyle condition. Here are some risk factors that need to be considered:
High blood pressure
Food (fast food and processed foods)
Smoking and smoking
Overweight and obesity
Sedentary life and lack of physical exercise
Psycho-social disorders (stress and depression)
A history of heart attack